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Botany collections

The museum’s botany collections (herbarium HBBS, Herbarium Brixiensis) include about 80,000 samples of vascular plants, mosses, lichen algae and mushrooms, collected from 1600 to the present and coming mainly from the province of Brescia, from Italy, Europe and other continents.


The herbarium is divided into:

– historical herbariums, made between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries by botanists including Elia Zersi, Agilulfo Preda, F. Von Mueller, Angelo Ferretti Torricelli, family Montini, Nino Arietti, Valerio Giacomini;

– general herbariums of mushrooms and vascular plants, continuously incremented by the collections of researchers of scientific associations that collaborate with the museum (Centro Studi Naturalistici Bresciani, Circolo Micologico G. Carini, Associazione Botanica Bresciana) and that deal with studies of the flora of the territory of Brescia.

In addition to the biological collections is noteworthy that of wax mushrooms made in the second half of the nineteenth century by Andrea Maestri, a well-known wax modeler from Pavia.


Historic core

The historical core of the collections comes from the donation of the University of Brescia in 1949 and from the collection of Valerio Giacomini, a world-renowned botanist, dating back to 1984.

These include the classic herbariums of Richiadei, known as the first herbarium of Brescia and dating back to 1623, the herbarium of the botanical garden of Padua (1677), the herbarium Gorno (1808) containing the plant species grown in the botanical garden of Brescia, while the herbarium of Elia Zersi, mainly made in Brescia in the second half of the nineteenth century, shows the transition from the classic herbariums, without indications regarding the place of collection, to the modern ones, thanks to which it is possible to trace the place of origin of the samples.


Current collaborations

University of Brescia (distribution models of flora and vegetation)

Università degli Sudi dell’Insubria (geoecology of herbaceous communities and relations between epigeal, hypogeal and soil biomass)

Università degli Studi di Milano (Flora and territory teaching unit of the analysis of ecosystems program)

Osservatorio Regionale Biodiversità (Scientific coordination of the project Flora of Lombardy and Citizen Science with Parco Monte Barro)

Comunità Montana Parco Alto Garda (scientific coordination of lake Garda museum network)

Parco Sovracomunale delle cave di Buffalora e San Polo (Coordination of the park Scientific Committee)

Centro Studi Naturalistici Bresciani (flora, vegetation, plant landscape of Val Carobbio)